Topical pain creams are an effective treatment option for acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions. They have fewer side effects and are easier to apply than oral medications. Common ingredients include NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or diclofenac sodium, which reduce inflammation and can ease symptoms. Topicals may also contain anti-spasmodic and numbing ingredients.
Analgesics relieve pain by reducing inflammation at the site of the pain or changing the way your brain processes and perceives pain. Some painkillers can be purchased over the counter (OTC), while stronger versions require a prescription. Topical pain relief cream is applied to the skin and can include NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), counter-irritants, or local anesthetics. They are recommended for various pain conditions, including osteoarthritis, rheumatism and specific forms of neuropathic pain. The main ingredient in most topical pain creams is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, or naproxen. NSAIDs reduce the body’s production of inflammatory chemicals that cause pain and stiffness.
Anti-inflammatory medications help reduce pain by reducing inflammation. They also have other benefits, like maintaining the mucosal lining of the stomach and intestines, promoting blood clotting, and helping the kidneys function normally. NSAIDs can be taken orally, as tablets or capsules, injected, or rubbed into the skin. They often treat inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis and back pain. Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer can all be made worse by chronic inflammation. It is important to fight it through the right foods and non-pharmacologic methods, such as physiotherapy or other physical activities. In mice, the researchers found that depleting their neutrophils or injecting them with an antibody prolonged the time before the pain resolved. It is similar to the effect of NSAIDs and suggests that the immune system is needed to resolve acute pain.
Anti-spasmodics are medications that relax and reduce muscle spasms. They also have analgesic effects. Anti-spasmodics can be used in several conditions, including pain from multiple sclerosis, shingles and arthritis. Topical creams that contain these drugs can be a convenient way to use them. They can be formulated to provide a high level of pain relief with fewer side effects than oral dosing. For example, diclofenac can be developed into a topical cream that can be applied directly to affected areas. Topical antispasmodics can help treat patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia/FD. They may also be useful in patients with centrally mediated abdominal pain syndrome (CAPS), a common symptom in some IBD patients.
Often used to treat pain from a surgical procedure, topical numbing products can help relieve pain by confusing your brain’s pain signals. They may also reduce the feeling of tingling and burning caused by nerve damage.
Depending on the product, they may be applied directly to the affected area or worn over some time to provide relief for up to several hours. They may also contain ingredients that promote blood circulation or encourage wound healing.
Topical pain creams can relieve joint and muscle pain, whether applied to the skin or a patch. They typically contain herbs as active or inactive components, which induce a cooling sensation or analgesic effect while disrupting pain signals traveling to the brain. Menthol and methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen) are commonly used in these rub-on treatments as counter-irritants. These ingredients create a cooling sensation that distracts the mind from the pain. They can reduce pain and inflammation and dilate blood vessels to improve circulation.